BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
ANTIQUE BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
Baluchi oriental rugs exhibit a wide range of styles and were more a
blend of Turkish, Persian, and Caucasian rug styles than a distinct
region called Baluchistan, where antique Baluchi rugs were produced by
tribes in eastern Persia and western Afghanistan, no longer exists as an
independent region. In place of that area, there now exists a region on
either side of the border between south-eastern Iran, western Pakistan,
and southern Afghanistan.
This was where the main area for weaving took place, giving rise to the antique rugs of Baluchistan.
antique Baluchi rugs were typically coarsely woven and many featured
the tree of life motif. The quality of the wool and the color
combinations made them fairly easy to identify.
colors were typically dark tones of red, brown, blue, purple, and ivory.
All the rugs used black outlines and black shading to make the original
shades of the colors look even darker.
motifs were actually created by the Baluchi tribes or were
transformations from other patterns.
featured the repetition of a singular allover pattern consisting of
different geometrical motifs and this is one of their unique
Some of these motifs include the tree of
life and allover repeat designs as mentioned above, as well as diamond latch hook and medallion
patterns, and others.
EARLY DISLIKE OF BALUCHI RUGS
antique tribal Baluchi rugs were considered by many to be too dark with
little use of ivory or white and a restricted range of colors.
They were also considered to be fragile because of the looseness of their weave and the softness of their wool. (Although,
nomadic people typically had to have rugs in their homes that were
light, and soft as well, so they could be easily moved.)
was often pointed out they were very similar to the rugs of their
neighboring Turkoman tribes and in the city and village rugs of nearby
a result, they were never as valuable as rugs produced in close by
regions in Persia, Turkey or the Caucasus. This relative disrespect for
the antique Baluchi rugs eventually led to most of them being lost or
destroyed and even overused and abused.
ANTIQUE BALUCHI RUG COLLECTORS TODAY
collectors of today show much more appreciation for the antique rugs
than in the past. Actually, those who collect and appreciate Baluchi
oriental rugs today realize even though they may be derived from
Turkoman, Persian, and other cultural designs, they have a distinctive
quality of their own.
BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS TODAY
term Baluchi (Baluch, Balouch) refers to people whose primary language
is Baluch. Many different groups of people are sometimes referred to as
Baluchi. They include the Barbari, Timuri, Taimani, Makrani, Sarawani,
and others. Most Baluchi tribal people today live in Pakistan and are
divided into 2 groups: Sulaimani and Makrani. A small number live in the
Punjab province of India.
Weavers in the Southern part of the Baluch region typically weave flatweaves. Their kilims usually use undyed wool, making them rather somber-looking.
The people of the Southern Baluch area are also known for their embroidery. They decorate their bags with tassels and with shells found in the deserts of south Afghanistan left over from ancient oceans.
Weavers in the Western Baluch area produce the majority of Baluchi rugs and bags. Approximately 2/3 live in Iran and most of the rest in Afghanistan with a few tribes in Turkestan.
rugs sold in the Iranian collection city of Meshad can be called
Meshad-Baluch rugs. Those sold in the Afghanistan collection city of
Herat are known as Herat-Baluch rugs. As a general rule, Baluchi rugs
are labeled according to the region in which they are sold.
of the nomadic nature of the Baluchi people, Baluchi rugs can be
anywhere from Iran, Afghanistan, and surrounding areas. Each region has
given different aspects to its rugs such as color and pattern
variations. However, unless you ask the Baluchi people themselves, it is
difficult to identify the particular area where a rug was actually
CONSTRUCTION OF BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
To learn more about Baluchi oriental rugs including their construction, motifs used, war rugs, etc., complete with photos, please continue reading here.