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In This Issue
WHAT ARE PERMANENT STAINS?
Permanent stains on area rugs and wall-to-wall carpets are the result of soiling from spots or spills that have, for various reasons, become permanent. They cannot be completely removed by either do-it-yourself or professional means.
HOW DOES SOILING From SPOTS & SPILLS BECOME PERMANENT STAINS?
There are several reasons why spots and spills can become permanent:
TYPES of SOILING THAT CAUSE
PET STAINS -
Urine is undoubtedly the #1 cause of permanent stains on area rugs and wall-to-wall carpets. Pet urine that is allowed to accumulate can actually be detrimental to the environmental quality of the home.
The odor from the urine as well as the stains it leaves behind contribute to the damage.
What Causes Urine Odor
odor found in urine saturated area rugs and wall-to-wall carpets comes
from the bacterial action which takes place under the carpeting.
Urine left unattended can permeate the fibers and go into the back of the carpet or rug and even into the pad and the floor below. As it dries, urine becomes microscopic urine salts. These attach to the backing of the carpet or rug until times of high humidity, when they will be reactivated and become food again for bacteria causing the return of the urine odor.
Procedure for Urine Odor Removal from Wall-to Wall Carpeting.
For urine-saturated wall-to-wall carpet, it is usually more cost-effective to remove and replace the carpet and pad rather than to attempt odor removal. It is important as well to clean and/or sand, and seal the floor under the carpet before replacement.
Procedure for Urine odor Removal from Area and Oriental Rugs
the other hand, odor in area and oriental rugs can be completely
removed as long as there is not a glued on backing holding the fibers to
the rug (such as in tufted rugs).
and oriental rugs can be brought to our cleaning plant for odor
removal, which will completely remove the urine salts by dissolving and
thoroughly rinsing them out of the rug.
Unfortunately, urine stains cannot, as a general rule, be removed successfully.
What Causes Urine Stains
Different types of fibers react to urine differently. On some, stains will almost immediately become visible. Others may not show stains at all. Although a professional decontamination for urine and a thorough cleaning may lighten some visible stains, urine stains in general are permanent. Below are some reasons why:
Other Urine Issues
To find out other urine issues as well as other sources of permanent stains, please continue reading here.
SOIL FILTRATION LINES
What Are Those Dark Lines Around the Edges of My Carpet?
filtration lines, also known as soil lines, smog lines, and perimeter
soiling, are dark soiled areas that develop gradually on carpeting.
These lines often remain even after a thorough professional cleaning.
They are most common around the edges of a room next to the wall, under baseboards, under floor length draperies, under doors, and on edges of stairs. But they can develop anywhere there is an air space, such as between floorboards or spaces in the subflooring under the carpeting.
can even occur under the skirting of furniture. Bedroom doors that are
closed at night, especially where windows are left open, are likely to
develop the lines as well.
Why Do Soil Filtration Lines Occur?
Your carpeting acts as a soil filter in your home environment. As hot air rises and peaks out at the ceiling tops, it is redirected to cooler surfaces, such as the outer walls or another room, and travels down to the carpet. As the air passes through or across the carpet, it carries microscopic particles of dirt, dust, and soot.
These soil particles settle and become embedded in the carpet pile yarns, bonding to the fiber. Because the soil is very fine, it can penetrate deeply into the yarns.
What Kinds of Soils Form Soil Filtration Lines?
Some of these soil particles can be the
result of fireplace emissions, as well as from cooking oils that have
become airborne and have settled into the carpet. Cigarette and cigar
smoke, burning candles, and the residue from furniture polish can all
contribute to the problem.
that are primarily oily can form an electrical bond with the fiber and
their size makes it easy for them to attach to the dye sites on a fiber
that hold the color of the carpet, making removal extremely difficult or
impossible. The oily soils trapped by the carpet will also attract more
improperly balanced ventilation system can also cause soil filtration
lines. This happens when the volume of air entering a room exceeds the
capacity of the system to remove the air from that room. The excess air
will then seek to exit through gaps along walls and stairways.
Are These Lines Considered a Defect of the Carpet?
Continue reading here to find out more about soil filtration lines and how to avoid them.
The need for DIY spot removal on carpets and rugs reflects the truth found in Murphy's Law of Cleaning which states "Just after a professional cleaning, a guest will spill a glass of wine, a child will spill fruit juice, or the puppy will pee!"
It happens all the time. What is a
homeowner to do? Try to remove the offending material by do-it-yourself
methods or call the professionals back in?
DIY Spot Removal - Does it Work?
The answer is... Do-It-Yourself spot removal methods can work, but the spot or spill must be addressed as soon as possible and it is essential that clear and concise information must be available on how to proceed without causing more damage.
DIY Spot Removal
from Area Rugs and Carpets
removal of spots and spills from textile fibers such as rugs and carpets
is quite different than removal from hard surfaces such as wood, tile,
Whether the textile has had stain protection applied, how the dyes used in the textile react to certain cleaning agents, how long the spot or spill has been on the textile, how big an area is affected, etc., all determine whether or not the outcome of Do-It-Yourself methods.
Carpet and Rug Fibers Can be Permanently Damaged from DIY Spot Removal
hard surfaces, carpet or rug fibers can be permanently damaged by
scrubbing or adding more liquid and not drying the area. The techniques
involved in DIY spot removal require patience and attention to detail.
homeowner does not have knowledge of the type of fiber in a carpet or
rug and how it will react to certain chemicals or how the ingredients in
the spotting material may react with the fiber, the results can
potentially be much worse than just an ugly looking spot.
Here are the Rules...
There are some fundamental rules to apply when DIY spot removal methods are in use:
For more rules and information on DIY spot removal, please continue reading here.
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