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PERSIAN ISFAHAN ORIENTAL RUGS
HISTORY & LOCATION
The history of Isfahan oriental rugs goes all the way back to early 16th century Persia during the rule of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1722). These were the 'heydays' of Persian weaving.
The Shah Abbas was particularly remembered as a great patron of the arts in the 16th century. Isfahan (also Esfahan), a city in west central Iran, was of great importance since the Shah moved the capital of Persia from Qazvin to Isfahan during his reign.
reign of Shah Abbas is considered the 'Golden Age of Persian Weaving.'
Antique Isfahan oriental rugs used sophisticated motifs in their designs
and exhibited great technical skill in their weaving.
Today, Isfahan is the 2nd largest city in Iran and an important industrial center.
Unfortunately, during the period of Afghan domination of Persia from the early 1700s through to around the 1920s, Isfahan rugs were rarely woven. Up until World War I, Isfahan had instead become the center of weaving for the fashion industry of Iran.
After World War I, a change in fashion trends in the world caused Isfahan to lose its place in the fabric industry. Fortunately, the weavers were encouraged to utilize the wool used for fabrics to reestablish the rug industry. Thus, the revival of weaving in Isfahan began. At the time, the new rugs were sold mainly to Europe, since the United States favored heavier styles of rugs which were able to be subjected to antique washes, bleaching, and for some, painting.
During the Great Depression, it became harder to sell rugs and the import of Merino wool became too expensive. The weavers began to switch to native Persian wool, a harder and more bristly wool than the Merino. It was not until after World War II that Isfahan oriental rugs began to be of a higher quality than those woven at the beginning of the revival because of the better materials used.
The foundation of Isfahan rugs consists of cotton (most often found in older Isfahans), wool or silk depressed warps (up and down cords) and 2 shoots of blue cotton sinuous wefts (side to side cords). (Depressed warps occur when the wefts are pulled tightly from either side, displacing the warps into 2 levels).
Wool yarn is tied to form the pile. The pile is close cut when finished which produces a clear design and a thin yet strong rug construction. Some fine quality Isfahan oriental rugs can be found to have silk as well as metallic thread accents throughout the pile. The knot is asymmetrical (Persian) with 200 to 625 knots (and some higher) per square inch.
It is interesting to note that during the garment period, weavers of Isfahan used hand spun cotton, thus the foundation of the antique Isfahan oriental rugs naturally contained hand spun cotton wefts (left to right cords). Hand spun cotton has irregular areas where the thread is thicker in some spots and thinner in others. This irregularity can actually tend to make the rug more attractive, rather than be considered a negative characteristic.
The end is finished with a kilim (a flat area of varying size woven at the end of the rug before the fringe is finished) with alternating red and blue threads, followed by a knotted fringe. (These threads measure the 'kheft,' another way to measure knots per square inch.)
The sides have a single cord overcast in wool.
It is most common to find Isfahan oriental rugs in sizes 5x7 or smaller, though larger rugs can also be found.
The designs of Isfahan oriental rugs of the 16th century were influenced by other art forms of the time including calligraphy, bookbinding, and mosaic work, as well as by the poets of Persia. The city of Isfahan itself was, and still is, an inspiration for the weavers with its rich architectural history, including splendid mosques, palaces, and bridges as well as textiles, handicrafts, and fine arts.
The designs of the rugs are
exquisitely intricate and curvilinear with delicate floral motifs.
Classical designs are also featured such as the vase, hunting motifs,
arabesque, scroll, as well as interlaced, spiraling vines known as
islimis. These spiraling 'islimis' can incorporate other design elements
and often finish at the center point of another motif, such as a
palmette. Nains, Isfahans, and Ardebils are examples of rugs also using
The most common design of Isfahan rugs features a center medallion on a floral-filled field, though hunting scenes and pictorials can also be featured.
For further information on Isfahan oriental rugs with photos, please continue reading here.
In August and September, ABC launched a campaign to help raise funds for the Alzheimers Association, leading ultimately to joining in the Walk to End Alzheimer's on September 17th.
We offered many incentives for our customers to donate, culminating in drawings at the Walk for a number of $200 gift certificates to those who made a donation. A percentage of our sales in August and September will be donated as well.
For the entire month of October, we are continuing to collect donations, as well as offering a few gifts in return for donations at our office. These include key chains and Purple Alzheimer's Association awareness bracelets.
may wonder why we chose finding a cure for Alzheimer's to be such a
worthwhile cause. There are many reasons (which we will tell you about)
but the most important to us is the fact that it is almost impossible to
find a single person who has not been negatively impacted in some way
by this disease. My favorite cousin, her grandfather, his mother, and
the list goes on and on.
The Alzheimer's Association is the only organization in Central New York committed to supporting individuals with a form of dementia and their caregivers, and finding a cure.
In this article, with the help of information from the Alzheimer's Association, we would like to set forth pertinent facts about this disease. Some of these may even surprise you.
HERE ARE THE FACTS...
PREVALENCE & MORTALITY
TOLL ON CAREGIVERS
Please continue reading here
to learn about the health costs of Alzheimer's for individuals and for
the nation and find out what is new in Alzheimer's Research, etc. Also
make sure to check out the 10 signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's.
RED WINE STAIN REMOVER
CAUTION: Please remember that some stains are simply not able to be removed. Always test on a small or inconspicuous area first. Please download our ABC Carpet & Rug Spot Cleaning Guide for more information, since it may be more prudent to try a different method for a particular stain first.
RED WINE ON YOUR WHITE CARPET?
Red wine on your white carpet? We believe no home should be without a red wine stain remover! And we offer you the perfect one...
It will remove red wine stains and may also be effective with the following stains (unless a stain has been set with other methods of removal):
It may remove:
It may be used on:
It is almost odorless (citrus scent) and only a small amount is needed for each use.
On heavy stains, better performance is achieved with a few applications, rather than a single one.
It makes great Christmas gifts!
HERE IT IS...
RED WINE STAIN REMOVER
WHAT IS IT MADE OF?
Wine Away Red Wine Stain Remover is made from fruit and vegetable extracts and has a fresh citrus scent.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
For more information on Wine Away Red Wine Stain Remover including Specific Directions for Use on New Stains, Old Stains, and Stains where other cleaners were used first as well as how to remove Stains on a Garment you did not notice before drying it, please continue reading here.
to check out our latest video -
It's What We Do!
THANK YOU FOR HELPING US SUPPORT ALZHEIMER'S RESEARCH!
Our Team is one of the top 3 in our area!
We have raised over $4200 to date!
If you joined us for the Alzheimer's Walk on September 17th, you may be a winner of one of 3 $200 gift certificates. Every donation qualifies you.
WE ARE CONTINUING TO COLLECT DONATIONS THROUGHOUT THE MONTH OF OCTOBER.
(Remember if you turned in a Gift Certificate, your donation is tax-deductible as well.)
PLEASE JOIN OUR TEAM
OR COME INTO OUR OFFICE AT
130 CECIL MALONE DRIVE in ITHACA
THANK YOU!! WE LOOK FORWARD TO CONTINUING TO SERVE YOUR TEXTILE CLEANING AND REPAIR NEEDS!
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Top of October 2017 Newsletter
"The Cleanest Clean You've Ever Seen."
ABC Oriental Rug & Carpet Cleaning Co.
130 Cecil Malone Drive Ithaca, NY 14850
ABC Oriental Rug & Carpet Cleaning Co. has been family-owned and operated in Ithaca and surrounding areas for more than 48 years.
Our company is a reflection of our family name and pride.
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Links to Our Services
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