BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
ANTIQUE BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
Baluchi oriental rugs exhibit a wide range of styles and were more a
blend of Turkish, Persian, and Caucasian rug styles than a distinct
region called Baluchistan, where antique Baluchi rugs were produced by
tribes in eastern Persia and western Afghanistan, no longer exists as an
independent region. In place of that area there now exists a region on
either side of the border between south-eastern Iran, western Pakistan,
and southern Afghanistan.
This was where the main area for weaving took place, giving rise to the antique rugs of Baluchistan.
antique Baluchi rugs were typically coarsely woven and many featured
the tree of life motif. The quality of the wool and the color
combinations made them fairly easy to identify.
colors were typically dark tones of red, brown, blue, purple, and
ivory. All the rugs used black outlines and black shading to make the
original shades of the colors look even darker.
Many motifs were actually created by the Baluchi tribes or were transformations from other patterns.
rugs featured the repetition of a singular allover pattern consisting
of different geometrical motifs and this is one of their unique
of these motifs include the tree of life and allover repeat designs as
mentioned above, as well as diamond latch hook and medallion patterns
EARLY DISLIKE OF BALUCHI RUGS
antique tribal Baluchi rugs were considered by many to be too dark with
little use of ivory or white and a restricted range of colors.
were also considered to be fragile because of the looseness of their
weave and the softness of their wool. (Although, nomadic people
typically had to have rugs in their homes that were light, and soft as
well, so they could be easily moved.)
was often pointed out they were very similar to the rugs of their
neighboring Turkoman tribes and in the city and village rugs of nearby
Iran. As a result, they were never as valuable as rugs produced in close
by regions in Persia, Turkey or the Caucasus. This relative disrespect
for the antique Baluchi rugs eventually led to most of them being lost
or destroyed and even overused and abused.
ANTIQUE BALUCHI RUG COLLECTORS TODAY
collectors of today show much more appreciation for the antique rugs
than in the past. Actually, those who collect and appreciate Baluchi
oriental rugs today realize even though they may be derived from
Turkoman, Persian, and other cultural designs, they have a distinctive
quality of their own.
BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS TODAY
term Baluchi (Baluch, Balouch) refers to people whose primary language
is Baluch. Many different groups of people are sometimes referred to as
Baluchi. They include the Barbari, Timuri, Taimani, Makrani, Sarawani,
Baluchi tribal people today live in Pakistan and are divided into 2
groups: Sulaimani and Makrani. A small number live in the Punjab
province of India.
in the Southern part of the Baluch region typically weave flatweaves or
kilims (rugs without a pile). Their kilims usually use undyed wool,
making them rather somber-looking.
people of the Southern Baluch area are also known for their embroidery.
They decorate their bags with tassels and with shells found in the
deserts of south Afghanistan left over from ancient oceans.
in the Western Baluch area produce the majority of Baluchi rugs and
bags. Approximately 2/3 live in Iran and most of the rest in Afghanistan
with a few tribes in Turkestan.
rugs sold in the Iranian collection city of Meshad can be called
Meshad-Baluch rugs. Those sold in the Afghanistan collection city of
Herat are known as Herat-Baluch rugs. As a general rule, Baluchi rugs
are labeled according to the region in which they are sold.
of the nomadic nature of the Baluchi people, Baluchi rugs can be
anywhere from Iran, Afghanistan, and surrounding areas. Each region has
given different aspects to its rugs such as color and pattern
variations. However, unless you ask the Baluchi people themselves, it is
difficult to identify the particular area where a rug was actually
CONSTRUCTION OF BALUCHI ORIENTAL RUGS
learn more about Baluchi oriental rugs including their construction,
motifs used, war rugs, etc., complete with photos, please continue